For the last 17 months, staff at SECoast and our statewide partner, the Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation, have worked incredibly hard to oppose federal plans for high-speed rail through coastal Connecticut and southern Rhode Island.
We have spent well over 3500 man-hours on the project; developed a legal strategy with environmental and preservation lawyers in Washington D.C., New Haven, San Francisco, and New York; submitted a 13,000 word public comment; led off rallies and meetings in Greenwich, Guilford, Old Lyme, Old Saybrook, New London, Mystic, Stonington, Pawcatuck, and Charlestown; organized a research team that twice uncovered wrongdoing on the part of the Federal Railroad Administration. We brought critical media attention, which generated well over 100 media articles in Politico, AP, Bloomberg, Providence Journal, Hartford Courant, New London Day, Westerly Sun, New Haven Register, Greenwich Time, Stamford Hour, and Connecticut Mirror... the Federal Railroad Administration has received more than 8000 public comments since December 2016. We've put together a professional, effective, campaign on a shoestring.
I'm not going to beat around the bush. Back in January 2016, when other larger organizations were reluctant to sign on, the Connecticut Trust answered the call. Since then, the Connecticut Trust has been the only statewide organization in southern New England to devote significant time or resources to NEC Future.
Now we're asking for your help. With budgets as they are in Hartford, your donations are critical to our financial health, and our ability to advocate for you. Please please consider donating to the Connecticut Trust. It's easy. You can donate by check or credit card, just click here to find out how...
A quick reminder... tomorrow is your chance to help shape what you want out of the State Historic Preservation Office. The meeting is scheduled for The Pavilion at Saybrook Point Park, 155 College Street, Old Saybrook, CT June 27, 7:00 to 9:00 PM. ... See MoreSee Less
Rep. Elizabeth Esty (D-CT) asks Federal Railroad Administration and Amtrak officials about NEC Future in a hearing today on “Building a 21st Century Infrastructure for America: Challenges and Opportunities for Intercity Passenger Rail Service” before the House Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials. ... See MoreSee Less
live streaming infrastructure committee hearings on rail serviceWe will be LIVE at our hearing on intercity passenger rail service @ 10am w/ Representative Jeff Denham in the chair. #building21 ... See MoreSee Less
Do you have ideas and advice for the State Historic Preservation Office as they develop a Comprehensive Statewide Historic Preservation Plan for Connecticut? Well here's your chance... it won't come around again, so we would strongly encourage you to attend one of the following public meetings:
Wilton Historical Society, 224 Danbury Road, Wilton. June 26, 6:00 to 8:00 PM
The Pavilion at Saybrook Point Park, 155 College Street, Old Saybrook. June 27, 7:00 to 9:00 PM
Connecticut Statewide Historic Preservation Plan The Connecticut State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) is working on a Comprehensive Statewide Historic Preservation Plan to be completed by the end of the year. The Plan will be an intensive level planning document addressing the treatment of the…
Hope they know how lucky they are to have Gregory Stroud
When people tell you, as they will, not to worry, that everything will be fixed later in Tier 2, here is our response, excerpted from our public comment. It's a bit of a mouthful, but take a look...
The National Environmental Policy Act, and the courts, have established a balance of baseline standards for environmental review, not to impede, but to foster worthwhile federal actions. This balance of public interests is apparent in Silva v. Lynn, a four-decade-old decision by the First Circuit Court, requiring a detailed environmental impact statement to help “insure the integrity of the process of decision by precluding stubborn problems or serious criticism from being swept under the rug.”
Three decades later, in Utahans for Better Transportation v. United States Department of Transportation, the Tenth Circuit Court ruled that agencies must include a reasonable range of alternatives that are “non-speculative and bounded by some notion of feasibility.”
One wonders, if not in this instance, then at what point can we reasonably agree that an alternative or route or matter of construction has exceeded notions of speculation and feasibility? Surely there is no more fitting example of a potentially stubborn problem than the extraordinary and entirely unstudied challenges posed by seventy-nine miles of new rail corridor through Connecticut; a corridor that when unbundled at Tier 2, will pose so many challenging, impactful, and constituent problems that the endeavor has been dismissed outright by Senator Richard Blumenthal of Connecticut, as “half-baked and harebrained.”
How else to describe the selection and inclusion of these seventy-nine miles of new rail corridor in a Preferred Alternative based on nothing more substantial than “readily available data,” than as “stubborn problems … swept under the rug”? Without significant revision, the Federal Railroad Administration’s current plans for Connecticut, as delineated in the F-EIS documentation, do not merely invite intervention through the courts, they nearly require it.
This is not good. I saw a news piece about Amtrak and it's woes, but there is absolutely no reason to do the CT RI bypass. Nothing planned will allow higher speeds through tunnels that need to be created, ruining neighborhoods and wetlands.
One of the oddities uncovered in the NEC Future plan, was the unexplained lack of any documented highway projects as part of the required baseline comparison for either Rhode Island or Connecticut through 2040.
It might seem unfair, but federal agencies are given significant discretion by the courts to choose their own experts, procedure, and evidence. But they have to abide by their own procedures, and they have to be consistent. In this case, clearly, the Federal Railroad Administration fell short...
Here's an excerpt from our public comment on the plan...
"In twenty pages of projects documented as part of the No Action Alternative, there are ten individual highway projects in Maryland, eight projects in Delaware, eighty-four projects in Pennsylvania, twenty-one projects in New Jersey, eight projects in New York, and sixteen projects in Massachusetts. These projects include adding “one lane in each direction to complete a minimum of three lanes in each direction for the length of the NJ Turnpike,” a project directly analogous to plans in Connecticut adding one lane in each direction for the length of the I-95. It is remarkable, and troubling, then that as a baseline point of comparison, the No Action Alternative projects list fails to include a single highway project in either Connecticut or Rhode Island prior to 2040."
If this sounds to you like a minor point -- this is a railroad plan after all, not a highway plan -- it isn't. In fact, the No Action Alternative is the foundation for the entire plan. A faulty or inadequate baseline calls into question not just a project here or a project there, but suggests a cascading series of problems, with significant legal consequences.
When the Record of Decision is announced, of course first we'll look at the maps... but second, the baseline. How they fix or finesse this problem will be one of the more interesting revisions of the last months. ... See MoreSee Less
A failure to provide the public with detailed maps, and documentation, requested through the Freedom of Information Act, is a failure to comply with federal law.
Don't take our word for it, take a look at the excerpt below from our public comment on NEC Future which explains it... ..................................................................................................
For the last four decades, the courts have consistently allowed the federal government a remarkable freedom of action, with the simple and reasonable constraint of providing for informed public comment and decision-making. The National Environmental Policy Act is a modest but essential guarantor of good process, through a mechanism of ‘sunshine.’ But for this check and balance to have any meaning or purpose, the D.C. Circuit Court ruled in Calvert Cliffs' Coordinating Committee v. United States Atomic Energy Commission that federal agencies must be held to a “strict standard of compliance.”
The court set a notably high bar of “full disclosure,” tempered only by a “rule of reason,” for the purposes of informing every important stage of the decision-making process, noting that in 42 USC § 4332 “the phrase ‘to the fullest extent possible’ clearly imposes a standard of environmental management requiring nothing less than comprehensive and objective treatment by the responsible agency.”
Regulations for implementing the procedural provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act are equally clear, and stringent, that the Federal Railroad Administration must “make diligent efforts to involve the public,” as required by C.F.R. 1506.6(a), and for the purposes of providing sufficient detail for timely decision-making, must provide “any underlying documents available to the public pursuant to the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act” as required by C.F.R. 1506.6(f).
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"You cannot simply draw a line on a map of coastal Connecticut, a line representing billions of dollars of construction, development, and eminent domain, representing seventy-nine miles of proposed new rail corridor through communities uniquely dense with environmental and historic resources, without far-reaching consequences not easily undone"
[excerpted from Connecticut Trust's public comment on NEC Future] ... See MoreSee Less
Have you commented on the plan yet? It's easy... just write to firstname.lastname@example.org
Where can I see a higher resolution version of this? All of the Old Lyme schools seem to be within the impact zone.
Michelle, we have requested higher-resolution maps. They exist. And the FRA refuses to release them. We made a Freedom of Information Request for higher-quality maps in April of last year. I'd encourage you to write to email@example.com and ask for high-quality "data viewer" maps.
SECoast has not taken a formal stance on the Carlson Landing development in Essex, but we'd strongly encourage public awareness and engagement on this issue. The next town meeting is scheduled for June 19 at 7 pm in the Essex Town Hall. ... See MoreSee Less
At the Connecticut River Museum, community is at the heart of all we do. We welcome Carlson Landing’s however, we have several important concerns about the current proposal and its adverse affect on our shared use of the waterfront. — Learn more here.
I'd encourage residents in the area to voice their ideas and concerns to the State Historic Preservation Office directly!
"The Connecticut State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) is working on a Comprehensive Statewide Historic Preservation Plan to be completed by the end of the year. The Plan will be an intensive level planning document addressing the treatment of the historic and cultural resources across the state. It will serve as a guide for planning and decision making by the SHPO, Towns, agencies, non-profit organizations, and others who may affect these resources."
For southeast Connecticut, there will be a meeting at The Pavilion at Saybrook Point Park, 154 College Street at Saybrook Point, Old Saybrook, CT on June 27 from 7 to 9 PM. ... See MoreSee Less
it has been a very busy week, with an interview by the ABC affiliate scheduled for late this morning in Guilford -- the third television news interview there this week -- to discuss plans by the federal government to double the rail corridor between Branford and Guilford stations.
Many more questions are cropping up from residents in the Greenwich area, with a small flurry of recent radio interviews by local residents, including Trust member Jo Conboy, Greg Stroud, and Congressman Jim Himes, who sought in particular to reassure concerned residents in his district.
Meanwhile, local officials and residents in Charlestown are once again leading the way, actively looking beyond the short term to make sure their concerns, and better solutions, are addressed in long-term planning documents currently under development at the state-level in Rhode Island.
And lastly... we are hearing that staff-level recommendation are complete for routes through Connecticut, but no decision has yet been formalized at the agency leadership level... so if you haven't already, be sure to write the Federal Railroad Administration with your concerns at firstname.lastname@example.org ... See MoreSee Less
"But with exaggerated traffic estimates furnished by consultants, the predictions for toll revenue failed to come true: Vehicle counts were 20 percent lower than what consultants had predicted. Revenue was one-third the low-end prediction. It’s true that environmentalists battled the road in court for years, delaying it and raising the construction costs. But they also got the size of the highway reduced from 12 lanes to six .... Imagine if the ICC had been twice the size. As it is, Maryland had to raise tolls on other crossings to pay off ICC debt."
Here we have a preformatted letter for Guilford to Branford residents to send along to the FRA, and the inside scoop on the Record of Decision. Take a look. ... See MoreSee Less
More coverage of the meeting... to be clear, the issue is not so much notification, as the need to make vigorous efforts to involve the public. Involvement is a quality of outreach, but also disclosure and the integrity and usefulness of the information provided to the public. ... See MoreSee Less
"It's now that is the time, not later," Gregory Stroud, SECoast. 500 residents sending an email to email@example.com right now will help get the attention needed to derail plans for the Branford-Guilford segment from entering the final "record of decision" stage. Learn more of what was shared at the June 7 citizens' information meeting at this link
Here's the latest from the New Haven Register on the meeting last night in Guilford on plans to double the rail corridor between Guilford and Branford through Stony Creek. We had a lively Q&A, with many residents just learning about the plans. ... See MoreSee Less
GUILFORD >> Nearly 100 residents flocked to the Nathanael Greene Community Center Wednesday for a presentation on the potential impact of NEC Future, the planning effort for the Northeast Corridor rail lin
A survey was conducted revealing the majority of people in the corridor that will be affected are against it.
We will be speaking and taking questions on the high-speed rail issue at 7 pm tonight in Guilford at the Nathanael Greene Community Center. I think it will be a lively night, with all the latest news... ... See MoreSee Less
Thanks! Hope all is well. We should get together soon....
Without the Connecticut Mirror, our work on NEC Future would have been immeasurably harder. It's a non-profit with a great small staff of reporters in Connecticut and Washington, and a willingness to devote resources for longer-form journalism on complicated issues like high-speed rail. From now until 3 pm June 8, your donation will be tripled in value with a match. Please consider a small donation at the link below... ... See MoreSee Less
The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) is proposing a project to double the number of train tracks from two to four between Branford and Guilford as part of the plan to enable high speed trains to travel more...
Residents concerned about the impacts of a proposed Branford-Guilford quad-track high speed railway segment can learn more from an SECoast expert about the FRA's plan -- and what residents can do to help derail it -- at a public meeting on Wednesday, June 7 at 7 p.m. at the Nathanael Greene Community Center, 32 Church St., in Guilford.
Next wednesday evening, June 7th, we will be leading a discussion and answering questions on NEC Future plans to double the existing rail footprint between Branford and Guilford stations through Stony Creek.
The meeting will be held at the Nathanael Greene Community Center, 32 Church Street, in Guilford, at 7:00 p.m. Please come out, and bring your friends and neighbors. We'll be happy to answer questions on other portions of the plan as well... ... See MoreSee Less
As the Federal Railway Administration (FRA) continues to narrow its focus to bring a proposed high-speed Northeast Corridor railway through Branford and Guilford, Branford First Selectman James B. Cosgrove has issued a letter to the FRA expressing
With Connecticut struggling to meet state needs for transportation and affordable housing, the idea of Transit Oriented Development (TOD) -- like the almost-completed project near the rail station in Old Saybrook -- has risen to the forefront of CT DOT solutions. First in Westport, and now in Branford, however, proposed TOD has run afoul of the uncertainty and routing of NEC Future maps. Here Jon Wilson, a Stony Creek resident, makes the point:
“I have some questions about the uncertainty of the quad-track expansion between Branford Station and Guilford Station. To me, that has to be solved before anything can move forward,” Wilson said. “We need to have maps of exactly where that (Amtrak) easement’s going to go. You can’t plan something, and then have an easement go right through it.” ... See MoreSee Less
To help inform residents, the Greenwich Preservation Trust is assembling a preliminary list of impacts which include: • Byram Shore road, Byram Park, and Byram Cemetery • Greenwich Historic District • Bruce Museum and portions of Bruce Park • Cos Cob Park • Bush-Holley House (Nationa...
OPINION LINK – Western Mass Politics & Insight makes a strong case for State Senator Eric Lesser’s (D-Longmeadow) East-West rail study.
"Lesser often speaks of such service as a “game changer.” We go further. It is an imperative."
"This rail link, if reasonably and expediently executed, could arrest the grimmest forecasts. It could provide much cheaper housing, relieving the pressure in m...
Cassandra Basler writes the second in a two-part series for WNPR on NEC Future plans for high-speed rail in Connecticut and Rhode Island.
In this piece, Basler heads over to New London... and speaks with Tim Hanser, Robert Lee, Michael Passero, and others... it's nice to see the potential impacts to New London getting their due. Please take a look, and SHARE! ... See MoreSee Less
A nice piece in the Greenwich Time by Ken Borsuk... a good crowd of very sincere and concerned citizens in Greenwich last night... and a very nice response from Greenwich First Selectman Peter Tesei, and from Davidde Strackbein of the Greenwich Historical Society.
Thank you, Jo Conboy (of the Greenwich Preservation Trust) for having us down to speak. Jo has been a leading voice in the effort to raise awareness in Fairfield County for the last several months. ... See MoreSee Less
Greg Stroud of the Connecticut Trust for Historic Preservation and founder of SECoast, a non-profit, non-political group created to fight against the project and advocate for historic preservation, appeared before a standing-room-only crowd at Town Hall to warn against a project he admitted few peop...
As a partner and observer of the Charlestown Town Council for the last five months, I have to say that they have handled the challenge of NEC Future remarkably well... inclusive, transparent, professional, effective. ... See MoreSee Less
Charlestown Getting Ready for the Record of Decision
The Charlestown Town Council has prepared the Town for any outcome. At their May meeting they took the step of officially endorsing some of the most important opposition documents.
"Although a lot of the public thinks we won, it was only round one of this match against the bypass. We are being vigilant on behalf of the residents of the town to...
For the last few months, we've been chatting with Ryan Caron King, Heather Brandon, and Cassandra Basler for WNPR's New England News Collaborative... this is the first of a series of pieces on the public and big infrastructure projects in New England. King and Brandon discuss I-84 in Hartford and I-95 in Connecticut and Rhode Island... It aired today on WNPR @ 2, but you can read the text and listen to the podcast below... nenc.news/podcast/episode-41-public-comment/... See MoreSee Less
This week, we find out what a Reveal/APM Reports investigation tells us about police de-escalation training in New England, and visit police in New Hampshire who are reaching out to children who've been traumatized by witnessing crime. We go inside the public input process in two big regional transp...
The latest on an attempt to tear down two structures purchased in the historic district of New London. We urge you to sign the petition, and show public support for preservation prior to the Wednesday, July 5th State Historic Preservation Council meeting in Hartford. The Council will make a determination as to whether to forward this matter to the State Attorney General to injunct demolition under the State Environmental Protection Act.
CT Trust and SECoast not content to just wait, wait. wait for the release of the ROD. Where can pressure continue to be applied? We think Amtrak, as inheritors of the Federal Railroad Administration's tone-dead NEC Future planning process for high-speed rail in coastal CT and RI, needs to understand our concerns.
Hope is not a strategy. Press the point.
So it could be years?
“There is significant concern that the Federal Railroad Administration intends to push through public opposition to the New Rochelle, N.Y. to Greens Farms bypass through Fairfield County" ... See MoreSee Less
NORWALK — With a major decision looming, preservationists are stepping up their efforts to get the Federal Railroad Administration to rethink its proposed high-speed rail route through Connecticut. “There is significant concern that the Federal Railroad Administration intends to push through public…
From today's column by David Collins, regarding our battle to save 130 Bank Street: "The Landmarks campaign to save Union Station awakened New London to the architectural treasures that were being lost, and drove home the understanding that the city's charm and grace lies not with any single historical building but in the integrity of all of them together. It is what put the downtown on the nation...
Since Senator Blumenthal wrote the Federal Railroad Administration on April 12, in opposition to NEC Future plans to expand the rail footprint between Guilford and Branford from two to four tracks, there has been a small flurry letter from the region expressing concerns about the plan. The latest letter is from Connecticut State Senator Ted Kennedy Jr. and State Rep. Sean Scanlon. You can read it here: secoast.org/2017/04/20/state-sen-ted-kennedy-jr-and-state-rep-sean-scanlon-request-fra-meeting-on-branford-to-guilford-doubletracking/ ... See MoreSee Less
There's no point in protecting communities from the impacts of high-speed rail, if we let them be taken down, bit by bit, in other ways... I'd encourage you to sign the petition below, to support preservation in the remarkably intact central section of New London. This is a property which can and should be rehabilitated and repurposed. ... See MoreSee Less
Yet another voice of concern on the proposed NEC Future expansion of rail between Branford and Guilford stations in Connecticut.
Connecticut State Rep. Lonnie Reed has written to the Federal Railroad Administration to oppose plans to add two extra rails to the existing footprint, and to reach out to impacted residents, who only recently became aware of the plans.
As the vice chair of the Connecticut Legislature's Shoreline Preservation Taskforce, Reed questioned the wisdom of adding infrastructure along this stretch of vulnerable coastline.
Here is a copy of our latest press release on high-speed rail issued by the Connecticut Trust
Press Release - FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
With Final Decision on NEC Future Near, Connecticut Trust Pushes CT DOT for Clear Statement on Elimination of Rail Bypasses
Hamden, CT -- (April 18) -- With just weeks remaining before the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) completes a five-year NEC Future planning process, finalizing a ‘once-in-a-generation’ blueprint for rail travel and investment along the Northeast Corridor, advocates of historic, cultural and environmental resources in Connecticut are responding warily to recent statements from Connecticut DOT and FRA officials.
“Connecticut DOT now refers to ‘aspirational recommendations’ for the high-speed rail corridor in Connecticut,” noted Daniel Mackay, Executive Director of the Connecticut Trust. “As this process nears completion, it is critical that the public and municipal officials realize that any language in the Record of Decision which references proposed bypasses in New London and Fairfield counties, as well as in Rhode Island, leaves the door open for these projects in the next stages of planning. It is imperative that FRA and Connecticut DOT permanently bar the door against these destructive bypass proposals.”
The Trust released a copy of a February 10 email to Richard Andreski, Bureau Chief for Public Transportation, calling for state and federal agencies to remove all references to the proposed Old Saybrook to Kenyon (RI) from the forthcoming NEC Future Record of Decision. The Trust also asked for a commitment from both FRA and CT DOT that the Old Saybrook to Kenyon bypass not be reconsidered or reintroduced as planning for NEC Future moves forward. The Trust further warned that the proposed New Rochelle (NY) to Greens Farms bypass in Fairfield County requires a separate Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), which should only be amended to NEC Future if warranted following more careful consideration.
In an April 12 letter to FRA Acting Administrator Patrick Warren, Senator Richard Blumenthal drew attention to fresh public concerns regarding previously-overlooked plans by FRA to double to four tracks the existing rail footprint between Branford and Guilford, east of New Haven. Senator Richard Blumenthal urged the agency to “engage in thorough discussions and dialogue” with impacted residents, warning that “it is imperative that these concerns be addressed immediately” given the expected release of the NEC Future Record of Decision.
Following a pattern repeated in other communities in Connecticut and Rhode Island, the proposed Branford to Guilford rail expansion came to the attention of residents in the region, only after the release of finalized maps of the FRA’s ‘Preferred Route’ on December 16, 2016. In recent weeks, six preservation and environmental groups have written to the FRA to express concern, including the Branford Historical Society, Branford Land Trust, Stony Creek Association, Guilford Preservation Alliance, Guilford Land Conservation Trust, and Hyland House.
Despite these concerns, Gregory Stroud, Director of Special Projects at the Connecticut Trust, made clear that he is hopeful for a positive outcome after nearly sixteen months of advocacy on the issue. “On the merits, we believe we’ve made a compelling case that FRA delivered a terrifically flawed plan, with too many impacts, and too few benefits for Connecticut.” Stroud pointed to strong bipartisan support from representatives at the local, state, and federal levels, in both Rhode Island and Connecticut, for dropping planned bypasses, and for investments in the existing Northeast Corridor.
I'm a little shy to post, but here's the feature in the Connecticut Mirror this morning, and a little more detail on the fate of the bypass, from a reporter who has the led the coverage on this story, nationwide, for well over a year. Radelat is based in Washington, D.C.
Absolutely lovely. It's the people behind the protest that make a compelling story so no reason to be shy.
Making sense of what went wrong for the FRA... here's one idea from a 2012 report on "Expediting the Environmental Review Process" by the RPA. In fact, Rebecca Reyes-Alicea was a participant...
"If local controversies about a project develop and are not addressed in the planning phases, the public participation steps during the NEPA process are often the times when they will surface, delaying a project or forcing it to be redesigned. Thus, the drafting of the EIS tends to be the time when stakeholders come together and realize that they do not agree with some aspect of the project, whether it is the purpose, design, location, environmental impacts, mitigation measures, cost, or some other considerations. In this type of case, the delay is due to a failure to foster agreement during the project planning phases before the NEPA process began. Building consensus during the pre-NEPA planning phase requires greater investments of financial and administrative resources in advance, but tends to save time and money in the long-term by helping avoid unnecessary delays during the EIS or environmental assessment process and achieves greater benefits by delivering the project faster."
In the case of NEC Future, that would require truly reaching out to the most impacted communities early in the process. It's not as though the outcry in coastal Connecticut and southern Rhode Island should have come as any surprise. ... See MoreSee Less
WASHINGTON — A rebellion that began in Old Lyme and has spread along coastal Connecticut is pressing the federal government to make big changes in an ambitious plan to bring high-speed rail to the Northeast, and to turn the proposal into merely “aspirational” recommendations.
Forwarding-thinking preservationism...Pleased to share that our new #solarpanels went “live” today, and are generating renewable energy for Connecticut’s power grid! Sincere thanks to Ben Baker of Star Power LLC of Branford and Sunlight Solar Energy of New Haven for their work to make our work more sustainable. ... See MoreSee Less
No single community between New York City and Providence has been more active or effective in opposition to the rail bypass than Charlestown, RI, where their vigorous public and local-government efforts are paying dividends for every town along the bypass.
We talked with the Southern Rhode Island community on Thursday night for what stretched into 3 hours of presentations and Q&A... Thank you, Ruth Platner, Tom Gentz, Ken Payne, Julie Carroccia, Virginia Lee, Bill and Kim Coulter, Cliff Vanover. And thank you State Rep. Blake Filippi for your consistent engagement and support.